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What is SPACE?

SPACE is a self-funded organisation founded in January 2018, in response to the national prevalence of Child Criminal Exploitation (CCE) and the County Lines phenomenon which has entrenched thousands of young children and people into serious violence and organised crime.


Its primary mission is to:


Raise awareness of County Lines exploitation through unique perspective of lived-experience insights combined with law-enforcement background (including Modern Slavery) of:


Indicators, broad impact including trauma, professional gaps and challenges and dual status of vicitm and offender;

Power and influence of child exploitation and grooming, including methods and vulnerabilities and the role of rewiring children;

Focus and need for a Contextual Safeguarding response in extra-familial harm;

Relevance of missing episodes;

Challenges with consent & transition;

National Referral Mechanism (NRM) & Trafficking under Modern Slavery Laws;

Link between CCE, CSE and Radicalisation;

Mental Health and Trauma.

Make recommendations to improve inadequate or failing professional responses to County Lines exploitation.

Collaborate with charities and statutory services to enable necessary changes which will better safeguard County Lines affected children and young people, and their needs.

Train and equip statutory and wider professionals including those listed below, to recognise signs of County Lines and gain a rare insight and understanding of the wider context of this exploitation. 

Police / Law Enforcement

Local Authorities

Ambulance Service


Education / OFSTED

Legal Practitioners 


Faith / Community Groups

British Transport Police

Taxi / Private Hire Firms

Third Sector Organisations

Private Industry

Educate and empower parents, carers and children through awareness and prevention sessions (primary school upwards) including steps to take.

*Provide free national advocacy and advice for families directly affected by County Lines exploitation.

Campaign for change within the current multi-agency response to (C)CE. We founded and co-lead the NPIES Advisory Group (see separate tab) and are currently highlighting the disparity in statutory recognition and support within the Modern Slavery framework for British victims.

Provide consultancy services on all aspects of (C)CE.

Provide Countylines/(C)CE expert witness service for Family and Criminal Courts.

SPACE - National Advisory Groups & Collectives


NPIES (Parents as Partners in Exploitation Safeguarding) Advisory Group - Founder & Co-Lead

OFSTED Knife Crime Expert Advisory Group

NCLCC (National County Lines Coordination Centre) Advisory Group

Contextual Safeguarding Scale Up Voluntary and Community Sector (VCS) Collective

National Missing People Policing Group

Missing People Expert Reference Group

Home Office Modern Slavery Children's Task and Finish Group

Before You Go


The site is updated regularly so please check back regularly, and follow us on Linkedin, and Twitter @bespaceaware.

If our website has proved helpful or our service useful, please leave a comment on this site as we are a voluntary organisation receiving no funding or salary for our unique response to County Lines exploitation.

Thank you for visiting.